Bhaiya Dooj or Bhai Dooj is an important festival which is to represents and gives meaning to the love, and affection between brothers and sisters. In this article, we will discuss when is Bhaiya Dooj, what is Bhaiya Dooj, its significance, and many other aspects of Bhai Dooj.

The festival is known by different names for example Bhai Tika in Nepal, Bhaubeej in Maharashtra, Bhaubeej in Gujarat, Bhai Phota in Bengal, Sodara Bidige in Karnataka, Bhatri Ditya, Yama Dwitiya, Bhatru Dwitiya. But, no matter what the name of the festival is, the only thing which is important is that love between a brother and a sister is unmatchable in this world.

Crux remains the same everywhere which is to pray for the well-being of brother and the protection of sister.

When is Bhaiya Dooj celebrated ? When is Bhai Dooj?

The word itself speaks aloud “Bhai” means brother and “Dooj” meaning the second day (the 2nd day after the new moon). It is celebrated every year just after 2 days of Diwali (Diwali is the major Indian Festival). Dates may change every year according to the day of Diwali which is always celebrated on the Amavasya (Darkest night of the month) of Kartik month.

Bhaiya Dooj will fall on the 2nd day (2nd lunar day) of the Shukla Paksha (bright fortnight) of the same Kartik month which usually falls in October or November.

What is Diwali and how to celebrate it?

Dates of Bhaiya Dooj for next three years

‘When is Bhaiya Dooj’ falling in the coming years, here is a reference table?

202226 NovemberWednesday
202315 NovemberWednesday
202403 NovemberSunday
Bhaiya Dooj dates for the next three years

Shubh Muhurat (Auspicious Timings) for Bhaiya Dooj in 2022

When is Bhaiya Dooj?When is Shubh Muhurat or special timings for Bhai Dooj Tika Ceremony’: 26 November 2022, 01:15 PM to 03:15 PM (to be confirmed later)Significance of Bhaiya Dooj

Bhaiya Dooj festival is celebrated throughout the country with a lot of zeal. Even if siblings live far away from each other they visit each other’s place and follow the ceremony of Tikaa and Aarti.

Brother and sister enjoy a unique understanding between each other. They are the best buddies for each other, they protect each other, admire each other, share secrets with each other and even without speaking represent the love between them

It is impossible to narrate the love of siblings. However, Indian rituals and values don’t forget to dedicate a day especially for them which is Bhaiya Dooj.  It is an occasion that relates the unconditional love between siblings (brother and sister). On this auspicious festival, sisters pray to God for the long life, well-being, and prosperity of their beloved brother, and brother promise to protect them always.

Bhai Dooj festival brings the whole family closer to each other in this mechanized world, not just the siblings.

Legend associated with auspicious Bhaiya Dooj festival.

The legends are considered the backbone of all festivals in India. They are a medium for elders to impart values to the younger generation. There are several and interesting legends associated with the Bhaiya Dooj festival. The various Bhai Dooj legends highlight the sacred relationship shared between siblings. A few famous legends are mentioned here for your information:

The Legend Of Lord Krishna

According to this legend, on the important day of Bhai Dooj Lord Krishna, after killing the Narakasura demon, goes to meet his sister Subhadra where she welcomes him with the oil lamp, sweets, flowers, etc and put the holy protective tilak/tikka (vermillion mark) on his forehead. Since then people celebrate the festival of Bhai Dooj with great zeal.

The Legend Of Yamaraj and Yamuna

The most famous legend. According to Vedas, Yamraj (The God of death) goes to meet his sisters Yamuna after a very long time Dwitheya. After seeing her brother Yamuna got very happy and she did all the rituals of Tilkka & Aarti, offering him sweets and gifts as a token of love followed by a delicious meal.

Yamraj was so pleased with the care and love of his sister that he declared that any brother who visits their sister on this day (Bhaiya Dooj) and receives tilak (vermillion mark) from his sister will escape the hand of Yamraj as the sister prays for her brother long life.

Until today this tradition is maintained with great love and this is why the. From that day the custom of celebrating Bhai Dooj started here and this is why it is also known as Yama Dwitiya.

Bhaiya Dooj v/s Rakshabandhan

Raksha Bandhan (safeguarding knot) is the promise of brothers to protect or take care of their sisters, while Bhaiya Dooj is the one special festival in which sisters pray for the well-being, happiness, and long life of their brothers. However, both festivals represent the same love and bonding of the siblings.

How to celebrate Bhaiya Dooj or Bhai dooj? How to do Puja?

A sister doing Tikka to her brother
A sister doing tikka to her brother

The festival of Bhaiya Dooj is specific to the deep love and care shared by brothers and sisters. To Fortify The Bond Of Siblings, n this occasion generally brothers visit their sister’s houses on this day.

Rituals start by performing a special and religious Tilak ceremony in which sisters apply Kum Kum tilak (vermillion mark) on brother’s foreheads and they also tie Mauli threads on their hands and perform aarti of brothers with a decorated puja plate with flowers, fruits, rice, sweets, etc, all this is done to keep them protected from evil eyes, for their happiness, prosperity, well being and love lives of their brothers. Then they put the sweets in their mouths and in return sisters

It is accepted that applying a tilak on the forehead will ignite cheerfulness and success in a brother’s life. In lieu of it brother promise to protect them for his whole life and give special gifts. After that exchanging of gifts, money takes place followed by quality time spend with each other. Usually, the government declares free fare in the public buses for ladies so as to honor their love towards their brothers.

Sometimes, it is not possible to travel to siblings due to any reasons hence sisters are not able to put Tika on their brother’s forehead. In such a case, sisters send a packet of saffron to them by post.

At many places sisters who do not have a brother worship the moon.

Articles required during Tikka & Aarti ceremony

Bhaiya Dooj Traaditional Puja Thali
  • Puja Chowki (Platform)
  • Puja plate
  • Diya (Oil clay lamp)
  • Moli ka Dhaga (Kalava)
  • Sweets or sugar
  • Coconut
  • A little rice
  • Flowers
  • Doob ghas (a type of grass)
  • 7 paans (betel leaves) at some places
  • Fruits etc

[blockquote align=”none” author=””] Tika or Tilak: It is a blend of rice and saffron. which indicates the sign of protection from all the problems and difficulties. [/blockquote]

Mantra to chant during rituals

भृतूस तबा ग्रजाताहां, भुंकसा भक्तामीड़म शुवाँ
प्रीटाए यामा राजस्यYअमुनाह विशेषत
Preetaye Yama Rajasya Yamuna Visheshta
गंगा जमुना को यमी पूजे यमराज को सुभद्रा पूजे कृष्ण को, गंगा यमुना नीर बहे मेरे भाई की आयु बढ़ेGanga Yamuna ko yami pujey yamraj ko subhadra puje Krishan ko, Ganga Yamuna Neer bahe merey bhai ki aayu badhey
Mantra to chant during rituals

Differnet rituals in differnet states

As you know there is unity in diversity in India. Bhai Dooj festival substantiates that statement always. You will notice the diverse cultures and traditions followed in different states of this country for this occasion.

Maharashtra – In Maharashtra, it is known as “Bhav Bij”. During the celebration, brothers sit in a square on the floor and eat bitter Karith fruit. The rest of the rituals remain the same i.e. Tika and aarti ceremony for the well-being of their brothers.

Bihar – Bhai Dooj is celebrated differently in Bihar than in other parts of India. On this day sisters start abusing and cursing their brothers initially and thereafter, prick their tongues to punish them for what they have said. After that, they seek forgiveness for their foul language from God and pray for their brothers’ long lives and well-being.

West Bengal – In West Bengal Bhai Dooj is known as “Bhai Phonta”. Here brothers do the fasting for sisters. Later on, sisters perform a Tilak ceremony of their brothers by applying tilak made with ghee, kajal, and Chandan before praying for their happiness, good health, and prosperity.

Is it a Public Holiday?

No, however people generally take leave for this important festival to visit their sisters/brothers. Read more about the public holidays in India from the official site.

FAQ about Bhaiya Dooj

  1. Is Bhai Dooj and Rakhi same?

    No, they are two different festivals. Raksha Bandhan represents is the promise of brothers to protect their sisters, while Bhaiya Dooj is the one festival in which sisters pray for the well-being, happiness, and long life of their brothers.

  2. Why do we celebrate Bhai Dooj?

    People celebrate Bhai Dooj to honor the love of siblings which is unmatchable.

  3. What’s Bhai Dooj or Bhaiya Dooj?

    Bhai Dooj or Bhaiya Dooj is an important Indian festival to celebrate the love, bonding of brothers and sisters celebrated throughout India.

  4. When is Bhai Dooj this year?

    The festival falls on the 2nd day of the Shukla Paksha (bright fortnight) of Kartik month. In 2021 it falls on 06 November (Saturday), in 2022 it falls on 26 November (Saturday)

Final thoughts

We hope that the article on When is Bhaiya Dooj will help you understand the festival and its legend and the way it is celebrated in India. We hope that you will be able to celebrate Bhai Dooj in a proper way.

We wish all readers a very Happy Bhaiya Dooj